Thermal and Statistical Physics

Wednesday, September 21, 2005

Lecture 9: Gibbs Factor and Gibbs Sum

When the system and reservoir can trade particles, you can't use the Boltzmann factor and the partition function anymore. Instead, use the Gibbs factor, and the grand partition function (or Gibbs sum). We introduce these new things, and then apply them to semiconductors, aluminum soft drink cans, and blood.

Lecture Audio